日本留学四大住宿类型

  对于留学生而言,找到一个合适的住宿地点是相当重要的,这在很大程度上保证了留学生留学生活的顺利展开和进行。日本留学住宿的类型主要分成四种,即学生宿舍、家庭寄宿、私人房屋以及外国人公寓。下面和出国留学网一起来看看吧。

  There are plenty of options for student accommodation in Japan, but they might not all be right for you. Before searching on your own, be sure to contact your university’s international office to talk about what type of housing is best for you. Many international programmes offer affordable housing for students and will assist you in your search if you ask.

  Types of accommodation

  Dormitories

  Homestays

  Private housing

  Gaijin Houses

  日本学生住宿形式选择多种多样,但是可能并不是每一种住宿形式都是适合你的。建议学生在自行寻找住宿之前,先和所申请大学的国际办公室讨论出最适合自己的住宿类型。很多国际学生专业向学生提供价钱合理的住宿形式,并且会帮助你解答任何住宿有关的疑问。

  日本学生的基本住宿类型:学生宿舍、家庭寄宿、私人房屋以及外国人公寓。

  Dormitories

  Dormitories, or dorms, are provided for students by the university. Rooms are usually shared between two or three people, with a communal kitchen and bathroom shared with the rest of the floor. Dorms are a great way to get to know people that attend your university, as the only people that live in dorms are university students. Dorms are often the closest option to a university, so you may end up saving money in transportation costs (depending on the size of your institution).

  While dorms are a great fit for some students, they usually have additional rules – like a curfew – that some students do not like. This type of accommodation, as well, usually serves undergraduate students and may not be the best choice if you plan on bringing your family with you.

  Students that live on campus usually pay an additional amount of money directly to the university. At times, this can be the cheapest option because there is no need to buy furniture or appliances, as dorms come with basic furniture, and sometimes meals are included in the price. Check with your institution to see if you are eligible for campus housing.

  学生宿舍:

  学生宿舍是由大学提供给学生住宿的地方。通常是两到三人共住一个房间,与剩下一整层楼的人共享厨房和洗手间。学生宿舍是了解和熟悉同一所学校同学的最好方式,因为生活在学生宿舍的学生都是该大学的学生。学生宿舍通常是距离学校最近的一种住宿选择,所以可以在交通出行方面节省一定的费用(由你所在大学的规模大小决定)。

  虽然学生宿舍对于不少学生而言都是一个很好的选择。但是他们通常有额外的规章制度,例如宵禁令,这可能会让一些学生比较不能接受。另外,这种住宿类型通常只针对于本科学生,如果你计划带你的家人和你一起的话,那么这可能不是一个最好的住宿选择。

  居住的校内学生宿舍的学生通常需要直接向学校支付额外的费用。同时,这也可能是最便宜的住宿形式,因为学生宿舍住宿带有基本的家具,学生将不需要购买家具或者家用电器,而且一些时候该住宿价格还包括了用餐费用。建议学生与申请大学联系,了解自己时候有自己申请学校住宿。

  Homestays

  Certain programmes offer opportunities to live with a Japanese family. This allows students to work on their language skills and assimilate into Japanese culture and even gain their own 'Japanese family'! If your programme offers this opportunity, you will normally pay the institution directly for the accommodation just like with a dorm. Like dorms, homestays may also have additional rules that you would be expected to follow because you would be living in another person’s home. Homestay accommodation can often be the most culturally enriching, so why not consider it!

  家庭寄宿:

  一些专业向学生提供在日本家庭住宿的机会,这使得学生可以很好的锻炼自己的语言能力,了解日本文化,并且获得他们自己的“日本家庭”!如果你的专业提供该住宿机会的话,你将需要直接支付该住宿费用给学校,正如向学校支付学生宿舍的住宿费用一样。家庭住宿也可能有一些你需要遵守的额外规章制度,因为你毕竟是居住在别人家里。家庭寄宿住宿形式是最具文化内涵的住宿选择,所以为什么不考虑选择这种住宿方式呢?

  Private Housing

  You always have the option of finding your own accommodation, which is often popular among the more independent students, or mature students. This is also the most popular option for Japanese students, as around 70% of all students live off campus, but it can get competitive because space is limited. If you choose to rent your own house or apartment, you would be solely responsible for your finances and, often, for furnishing the apartment.

  Additionally, if you choose to rent your own home you may need to find a guarantor, which is a Japanese person that will be responsible for your actions and payment. Universities will sometimes provide a guarantor to students, but be sure to check with your international office. Your institution may also be able to provide resources that help you find private accommodation.

  私人房屋:

  你总是有很多自己租住宿舍居住的机会,这在很多独立学生或者是成年学生中相当流行。这种住宿形式在日本学生群体中也十分流行,因为有大约70%的学生都在校外住宿。但是因为空间有限,该住宿类型的竞争力可能是很激烈的。如果你选择自己租住房子和公寓的话,你将需要自己独立负责住宿费用,以及公寓家具等等。

  除此之外,如果你选择自己租住房子的话,你可能需要找一个担保人,即能够为你的行为和费用支付做出担保的日本人。大学有时候会为学生提供一些担保人,但是建议学生先和该学校的国际办公室了解详细。你的学校可能还会提供租房资源来帮助你找到私人房屋住宿。

  Gaijin Houses

  If you are planning on staying in Japan for a limited amount of time, this may be the best option for you. These houses are usually less expensive than renting your own apartment, although they may not be as modern, and can be rented for weeks or months at a time. Sometimes gaijin houses provide rooms for rent with a shared bathroom and kitchen, but single apartments are becoming more and more popular. Check with your institutions international office to see if a gaijin house is the best option for you.

  外国人公寓:

  如果你计划在日本待上有限的一段时间的话,外国人公寓可能是你最好的住宿选择。这些房间虽然不是很时髦,但是价钱通常会比独立租住公寓便宜一些,并且可以一次租住一个星期或者是一个月。一些外国人公寓提供公用洗手间和厨房的房间,但是单独的公寓还是越来越流行。建议你与所在学校的国际办公室联系,了解外国人公寓住宿是否是适合你的住宿选择。

  Tips for finding accommodation

  Know your budget. Housing can become expensive, so make sure you know how much you will have to spend each month on living.

  Be aware of additional expenses. If you rent your own home you will have to pay for you own food and transportation, among other costs.

  Look around. Finding your own accommodation is important, so you may not want to commit to the first place you find. Keep looking for the option that fits you best.

  Begin looking early. It can be very stressful to try to find accommodation at the last minute, so make sure you start looking as soon as you think you’ll be living in Japan.

  住宿寻找的几点建议:

  了解你的预算,住宿费用可能会比较高,所以请确保自己知道每一个月的生活费用预算是多少;

  注意额外的开销,如果你自己在外租房的话,你需要考虑到伙食费用、交通费用以及其他其他的费用;

  多了解多比较,找到一个合适的住宿是相当重要的,你很难在第一次就找到满意的住宿,所以尽量多看一些房间进行比较,找出最适合自己的住宿;

  尽早开始,在最后几分钟去寻找住宿地点是一件很有压力的事情,所以请在你认为自己将会住在日本的时候,尽可能早的开始寻找住宿地点。

  推荐阅读:

  日本留学申请指导

  2017年日本留学费用一览表

  日本留学有哪些奖学金

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