美国普渡大学基本概况

  美国的普渡大学创立于1869年,该校在美国的学术声望是极高的,在国际上也颇具影响力,那么跟着出国留学网一起来了解下美国普渡大学基本概况吧,欢迎阅读。

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  一、关于普渡大学

  Purdue University has a tradition of ethical conduct spanning its history. As a land-grant institution, we demonstrate our responsiveness to our constituencies and extend to them access to our knowledge resources. We nurture relationships with other partners in education who support our vision or join us to foster common interests. We integrate our mission with our responsibilities. We contribute our knowledge resources impartially in serving our public purposes. As faculty, students, staff, and administrators, we are a community of dedicated learners, scholars, professionals, and practitioners — all contributing our talents to uphold our standards, and improve ourselves and the broader community in which we live and work. Our responsibilities and obligations toward the advancement of learning, discovery, and engagement in the University and in Indiana extend to our nation and the world. This statement of integrity is meant to provide an overarching declaration that informs specific policies and procedures regarding conduct, enforcement, and accountability. Such policies and procedures either exist in official University documents or will be developed as necessary.Because Purdue University (the “University”) is committed to free and open inquiry in all matters, it guarantees all members of the University community the broadest possible latitude to speak, write, listen, challenge, and learn. Except insofar as limitations on that freedom are necessary to the functioning of the University, the University fully respects and supports the freedom of all members of the University community “to discuss,” in the words of former University of Chicago President Robert M. Hutchins, “any problem that presents itself."Of course, the ideas of different members of the University community will often and quite naturally conflict. But it is not the proper role of the University to attempt to shield individuals from ideas and opinions they find unwelcome, disagreeable, or even deeply offensive. Although the University greatly values civility, and although all members of the University community share in the responsibility for maintaining a climate of mutual respect, concerns about civility and mutual respect can never be used as a justification for closing off discussion of ideas, however offensive or disagreeable those ideas may be to some members of our community.The freedom to debate and discuss the merits of competing ideas does not, of course, mean that individuals may say whatever they wish, wherever they wish. The University may restrict expression, for example, that violates the law, that falsely defames a specific individual, that constitutes a genuine threat or harassment, that unjustifiably invades substantial privacy or confidentiality interests, or that is otherwise directly incompatible with the functioning of the University. In addition, the University may reasonably regulate the time, place, and manner of expression to ensure that it does not disrupt the ordinary activities of the University. But these are narrow exceptions to the general principle of freedom of expression, and it is vitally important that these exceptions never be used in a manner that is inconsistent with the University’s commitment to a completely free and open discussion of ideas.In a word, the University’s fundamental commitment is to the principle that debate or deliberation may not be suppressed because the ideas put forth are thought by some or even by most members of the University community to be offensive, unwise, immoral, or wrong-headed. It is for the individual members of the University community, not for the University as an institution, to make those judgments for themselves, and to act on those judgments not by seeking to suppress speech, but by openly and vigorously contesting the ideas that they oppose. Indeed, fostering the ability of members of the University community to engage in such debate and deliberation in an effective and responsible manner is an essential part of the University’s educational mission.As a corollary to the University’s commitment to protect and promote free expression, members of the University community must also act in conformity with the principle of free expression. Although members of the University community are free to criticize and contest the views expressed on campus, and to criticize and contest speakers who are invited to express their views on campus, they may not obstruct or otherwise interfere with the freedom of others to express views they reject or even loathe. To this end, the University has a solemn responsibility not only to promote a lively and fearless freedom of debate and deliberation, but also to protect that freedom when others attempt to restrict it.

  普渡大学是美国远近闻名的理工科老牌名校,其工程学院属于世界顶尖行列,与麻省理工学院、斯坦福大学、加州大学伯克利分校等校一同常年包揽着美国工科十强榜。上海交大世界大学学术排名也多次将其工程学院排名世界第10位。工程学院内拥有20多位美国工程院院士,著名的金门大桥和胡佛水坝均出自其土木系师生之手。在理科方面,普渡造就过13位诺贝尔奖得主,中国的两弹元勋邓稼先、火箭专家梁思礼也都毕业于此。普渡大学于1962年创办了美国高校首个计算机科学系,并一直位居全美前20名,Wiki、模式识别、遥控技术等都诞生于此,且拥有全美大学中最快的超级计算机。在航空航天领域,普渡大学被誉为“美国航空航天之母”,不仅是美国第一所拥有自己飞机场的大学,更是培养美国宇航员最多的大学,世界首位登月人阿姆斯特朗与目前最后一名登月人尤金·塞尔南均毕业于工程学院。萨利机长亦为普渡校友。其农学院全美第一,世界前十。另外,普渡在管理、传媒等社会学科也颇具声望。

  普渡大学拥有跨越其历史的道德行为传统。作为一个土地出让机构,我们展示了我们对我们的选区的反应,并扩展到他们获取知识资源。我们培养与其他教育合作伙伴的关系,支持我们的愿景或加入我们,促进共同利益。我们的使命与我们的责任相结合。我们公正地贡献我们的知识资源为我们的公共目的服务。作为教师,学生,员工和管理人员,我们是一个专门的学习者,学者,专业人员和从业者的社区 - 所有这些都有助于我们的人才维护我们的标准,改善自己和我们生活和工作的更广泛的社区。我们对提高学习,发现,并在大学和印第安纳州的参与延伸到我们的国家和世界。这份诚信声明旨在提供一个总体声明,通知有关行为,执行和责任的具体政策和程序。这些政策和程序既存在于大学官方文件中,也可以根据需要开发。因为普渡大学(“大学”)致力于在所有事务上进行自由和公开的调查,它保证大学社区的所有成员能够尽可能广泛地发言、撰写、倾听、挑战和学习。除了对自由的限制对大学的运作是必要的外,大学充分尊重和支持大学社区所有成员的自由“讨论”,以前芝加哥大学校长罗伯特·哈钦斯(Robert M. Hutchins)的话说, “任何出现的问题”。当然,大学社区的不同成员的想法往往也是很自然的冲突。但是,大学不是试图将个人的想法和意见保护起来,因为他们认为不受欢迎,不愉快,甚至是深深的冒犯是不正当的。虽然大学非常重视文明,尽管大学社区的所有成员都有责任保持相互尊重的气氛,但对于文明和相互尊重的关切,永远不能被用作关闭思想讨论的理由,无论是冒犯或这些想法可能对我们社区的一些成员感到不满。辩论和讨论竞争思想的优点的自由当然不意味着个人可以随心所欲地说出自己的愿望。大学可能会限制这种违反法律的言论,即虚假地诽谤构成真正的威胁或骚扰的具体个人,这些个人无理地侵犯了实质的隐私或保密利益,否则与大学的运作无关 。此外,大学可以合理规范时间,地点和表达方式,以确保不会扰乱大学的普通活动。但这些是言论自由的一般原则的狭隘例外,总而言之,大学的根本承诺是辩论或审议不得被压制的原则,因为提出的想法有些甚至大多数大学成员认为是冒犯、不明智、不道德或错误的。大学社区的个别成员,不是大学作为一个机构,为自己做出这些判断,而不是通过试图压制言论而对这些判断采取行动,而是公开和有力地反对他们反对的想法。事实上,培养大学社团成员有效和负责任地进行辩论和审议的能力是大学教育使命的重要组成部分。作为大学保护和促进自由表达的承诺的必然结果,大学社团成员也必须符合自由表达的原则。虽然大学社区的成员可以自由批评和质疑校园的意见,并批评和邀请被邀请在校园内发表意见的演讲者,但他们不妨碍或以其他方式干涉别人的言论自由。拒绝甚至不喜欢为此,大学不仅要促进辩论和审议的活跃而无畏的自由,而且还要在当别人试图限制自由时保护自由。

  二、历史沿革

  1862:President Abraham Lincoln signs the Morrill Land Grant Act, which turned public lands over to any state that agreed to use the land sale proceeds to maintain a college teaching agriculture and the "mechanic arts."

  1865:The Indiana General Assembly votes to participate in the plan and takes steps to establish such an institution.

  1869:The Indiana General Assembly chooses the Lafayette area for the new institution and accepts a $150,000 gift from John Purdue, as well as $50,000 from Tippecanoe County and 100 acres from local residents. The legislature names the new school Purdue University.

  1871:Groundbreaking for the first campus buildings.The first buildings on campus include the Boiler and Gas House, the Military Hall and Gymnasium, the Ladies Hall, Purdue Hall, and the Pharmacy Building. All of these building were completed by 1874, and none of them remain today.

  1872:Purdue's first president, Richard Owen, starts his term.

  1874:Classes begin with six instructors and 39 students.

  1875:John Bradford Harper earns the first Purdue University degree.

  1877:University Hall (known as the Main Building) is completed, becoming the central building on the Purdue campus. Today, it remains the oldest building on campus.

  1879:The first telephone is installed on campus.

  1886:The University Band is established.

  1887:Old Gold and Black are adopted as the University’s official colors.

  1889:The Purdue yearbook, the Debris, is first issued.The first issue of the student newspaper, the Exponent, is published.

  1890:Purdue's first seal is created by Bruce Rogers, but it is never officially recognized by the University.

  1891:Under accusations of recruiting athletes from boiler shops, the "Boilermakers" name is adopted for Purdue's athletic teams. An 85,000-pound Schenectady No. 1 Locomotive engine is purchased.

  1894:The Varsity Glee Club is formed.

  1895:The Big Ten Conference is established under the leadership of Purdue President James Smart.Abby Phelps Lytle, head of the Purdue art department, designs a new, official seal for the University. Lytle's design incorporates three motifs still seen in the seal today: the shield, the griffin and the Uncial typeface.

  1897:The first doctorate of philosophy (PhD) from Purdue is awarded in agriculture.

  1912:The Purdue fight song, "Hail Purdue," is written.The Purdue Alumni Association is formed.

  1922:The Purdue radio station, WBAA, is licensed as the first radio station in Indiana.

  1924:The Purdue Memorial Union and Ross-Ade Stadium open.

  1925:The "Old Oaken Bucket" football trophy is introduced.

  1929:The Graduate School is officially established.

  1930:The Purdue Research Foundation is incorporated.

  1934:The Purdue University Airport is established as the first university-owned airport in the nation.

  1940:The Boilermaker Special (the official Purdue mascot in the form of a locomotive mounted on an automobile chassis) is presented to the student body at a convocation ceremony.

  1944:The Purdue Debris yearbook first uses the image of a barrel-chested, mallet-wielding boilermaker called "Pete."

  1959:The Bachelor of Arts degree is first offered.

  1967:Boilermakers defeat USC Trojans by a score of 14-13 in Purdue's first Rose Bowl appearance.

  1979:Purdue chemistry professor Herbert C. Brown is awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work with boron compounds that has revolutionized synthetic organic chemistry.

  1988:The Rube Goldberg Machine Contest goes national.

  1989:The Class of '39 Water Sculpture, standing at the center of Purdue Mall, is dedicated. It is also known as the Purdue Mall Fountain, or less accurately as the Engineering Fountain.

  1990:The Class of 1950 Lecture Hall opens for classes.

  1992:The Smoke Stack is demolished in order to be replaced with a bell tower.

  1995:The bells from the second Heavilon Hall are used in the construction of the Purdue Bell Tower.

  2001:Purdue Discovery Park is founded.

  2005:"The Boilermaker" statue, sculpted to celebrate the lore and legend of the Purdue Boilermakers, is dedicated.

  2007:The Neil Armstrong statue is unveiled in front of Neil Armstrong Hall of Engineering.

  2008:The "Unfinished Block P" sculpture, which symbolizes that all students, alumni, community members, and friends of Purdue University are a work in progress, is dedicated.

  2009:The life-size Amelia Earhart statue, meant to inspire students to pursue their dreams while connecting the campus to its early history in flight, is unveiled.

  2010:Professor Ei-ichi Negishi wins the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for developing palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling, which has applications for medicine, agriculture and electronics.

  2013:President Mitchell E. Daniels, Jr. unveils the University's Purdue Moves initiatives, aimed at helping Purdue deliver higher education at the highest proven value.

  2014:Purdue's international student enrollment is tops among U.S. public universities.

  2017:Purdue reaches another record year of sponsored research funding, reaching $418.3 million in fiscal year 2017.

  1862年:亚伯拉罕·林肯总统签署“莫里尔土地赠款法”,将公共土地转让给任何同意使用出售土地的国家维持大学教学农业和“机械艺术”。

  1865年:印第安纳大会投票参与计划,并采取措施建立这样的机构。

  1869年:印第安纳大会选举新机构的拉斐特地区,接受约翰·普渡的约15万美元的礼物,以及来自蒂波卡诺县的5万美元和当地居民的100英亩。立法机构命名新普渡大学。

  1871年:开创性的第一个校园建筑。校园内的第一座建筑物包括锅炉和燃气馆,军事大厅和体育馆,女士大厅,普渡大厅和药剂大楼。所有这些建筑都是在1874年建成的,而且还没有人留在今天。

  1872年:普渡大学的第一任学监理查德·欧文开始任职。

  1874年:最开始学校的课程由6名教师教授和39名学生。

  1875年:约翰·布拉德福德·哈珀 获得了普渡大学第一学位。

  1877年:大学堂(被称为主楼)建成后,成为普渡校区的中央大楼。今天,它仍然是校园里最古老的建筑。

  1879年:在校园里安装第一部电话。

  1886年:大学乐队成立。

  1887年:老金和黑色被采用为大学的官方颜色。

  1889年:普渡年鉴是“ 碎片”,首次发行。第一期学生报纸“ 指数”发表。

  1890年:普渡大学的第一印章由布鲁斯·罗杰斯(Bruce Rogers)创作,但从未被大学正式认可。

  1891年:在从锅炉店招募运动员的指责下,普渡运动队采用“Boilermakers”名字。购买了一架85000磅重的Schenectady 1号机车发动机。

  1894年:Varsity Glee俱乐部成立。

  1895年:大十会议是在普渡大学校长詹姆斯·科恩的领导下成立的。普渡艺术系主管Abby Phelps Lytle为大学设计了一个新的公章。莱尔的设计融合了今天仍然看到的三种主题:盾牌,格里芬和人文字体。

  1897年:普渡大学哲学博士(PhD)获得农业奖。

  1912年:普渡战斗歌曲“冰雹普渡”写成。普渡大学校友会成立。

  1922年:普渡广播电台WBAA被授权作为印第安纳州的第一个广播电台。

  1924年:普渡纪念联盟和罗斯阿德体育馆开放。

  1925年:引进了“老奥克斯桶”足球奖杯。

  1929年:研究生院正式成立。

  1930 年:普渡研究基金会被纳入。

  1934年:在普渡大学机场被确定为全国第一所大学拥有的机场。

  1940年:Boilermaker Special(普渡大型摩托车,安装在汽车底盘上的机车形式)被提供给学生团体的召集仪式上。

  1944年:普渡碎片年鉴首先使用称为“皮特”的桶状,mal ing的锅炉。

  1959年:首先提供文学学士学位。

  1967年:在Purdue的第一个Rose Bowl外观中,Boilermakers以14-13的成绩击败USC木马。

  1979年:普渡化学教授赫伯特·布朗(Herbert C.Brown)获得诺贝尔化学奖,他的硼化合物已经彻底改变了合成有机化学。

  1988年:Rube Goldberg机器大赛进入国家。

  1989年:位于普渡购物中心的'39水雕雕刻课是献身精神的。它也被称为普渡商场喷泉,或者更不准确地像工程喷泉。

  1990年:1950年讲堂的课程开课。

  1992年:烟囱被拆除,以更换钟楼。

  1995年:第二个Heavilon大厅的钟声用于建造普渡钟楼。

  2001年:普渡探索公园成立。

  2005年:“Boilermaker”雕像,雕塑,以庆祝普渡州Boilermakers的传说和传奇,是奉献的。

  2007年:Neil Armstrong雕像在Neil Armstrong工程大厅前面亮相。

  2008年:“未完成的P块”雕塑,象征着普渡大学的所有学生,校友,社区成员和朋友都在进行中,正在进行中。

  2009年:真正的阿米莉亚·埃尔哈特(Amelia Earhart)雕像旨在激发学生们在将校园连接到飞行早期历史的同时追求自己的梦想。

  2010年:聂一志教授获得诺贝尔化学奖,用于开发钯催化交叉耦合,应用于医药,农业和电子。

  2013年:总裁米切尔·丹尼尔斯小姐揭晓了大学的“ 普渡移动”计划,旨在帮助普渡大学以最高的成就价值提供高等教育。

  2014年:普渡大学的国际学生入学率位居美国公立大学之列。

  2017年:普渡达获得了赞助研究经费的另一笔记录,达2017亿财年4.183亿美元。

  请继续阅读第2页为普渡大学教研优势、校园环境和杰出校友简介。


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