1.stop to do sth。 和stop doing sth。

  “stop to do sth。” 表示停止做其它事情而去做“to do sth。”所表示的事情,可以将“to do sth。”理解成“stop”的目的状语;“stop doing sth。”表示不做“doing sth。”所表示的事情。

  例如: “Stop talking。 Let’s begin our class。” said theteacher。 老师说:“别说话了,让我们开始上课。”

  We have kept doing our homework for along time。 Let’s stop to listen to music。 我们做家庭作业很长时间了,让我们停下来听听音乐。

  2.forgetto do sth。和forget doingsth。 (remember to do sth。 和remember doing sth。)

  “forget to do sth。”表示将来不要忘记做某事,谈的是未来的事情;“forget doing sth。”表示忘记过去应该做的事情。

  例如: “Don’tforget to do your homework。” said theteacherbeforethe class was over。


  “I’m sorry。 Iforgot doing my homework。 May I hand it in this afternoon, Mr。 Chen?” said LiMing。


  3.havesth。 done。(过去分词)(让别人)做某事

  例如:I had my hair cut yesterdayafternoon。 我昨天下午理了发。

  My computer can not work now。 I musthave it repaired。 我的电脑有故障了,我必须让人修好它。

  4。 感官动词后接不带to的不定式或者现在分词的区别

  例如:see sb。 do sth。看见某人(经常)做某事 和see sb.doing sth。看见某人(正在)做某事。

  I often see him do exercise in themorning。 我经常在早晨看见他锻炼身体。

  When I was walking in the park, I sawhim drawing a picture there。 当我在公园散步的时候,我看见他正在那里画画。

  5。 在主动语态中,感官动词(see, hear, feel, watch等)和使役动词(make, have, let等)要求接不带to的不定式做宾语补足语,而在被动语态里,不定式要带上to。

  例如:The boss often made the workerswork 10 hours a day。

  The workers were made to work 10 hoursa day。

  Shewas heard to use strong language。 听说她骂人了。


  Why not do sth? 为什么不做某事?

  It takes/took sb。 some time to do sth。做某事花了某人多长时间。

  It is/was +形容词+(forsb。) +to do sth。 做某事(对某人来说)怎么样。

  7。 介词后面一般接动名词。同学们要特别注意介词to和不定式符号to的区别,例如下面的词组一定要记清:

  prefer doing sth。 to doing sth。 喜欢做……不喜欢做……

  look forward to doing sth。 期待/盼望做某事。

  make a contribution to doing sth。 为……做出贡献。

  8。 现在分词和过去分词做定语的区别

  A。 现在分词含有正在进行的意思,而过去分词含有被动或者已经完成的意思,如:

  a developing country 发展中国家 a developed country 发达国家。

  boiling water 正在沸腾的水(一般情况下水温为100℃)boiled water 开水(已经烧开的水,水温可以依然很高,也可以是凉白开)。

  a boy named Jim 一个叫Jim的男孩。

  B。 有些动词的现在分词和过去分词都具有形容词特征,但是它们的意思有区别。它们的-ing形式往往用来说明事物的特征;他们的-ed形式表示被动的意思,用来说明人的情况。

  I am interested in this interestingstory。 我对这个有趣的故事感兴趣。

  I am moved at the moving sight。 我被这动人的情景感动了。

  They were amazed at the amazing facts。 他们对那些令人惊异的事实感到惊奇。


  和to do 连用的固定搭配

  ask sb。 to do sth。 请求某人做某事。

  be pleased /be glad to do sth。很高兴做某事。

  can‘t wait to do sth。 迫不及待地做某事。

  can‘t afford to do sth。 不能担负起干某事。

  decide to do sth。 决定做某事。

  do/try one‘s best to do sth。尽全力做某事。

  do nothing to do sth。 对……无能为力。

  deserveto do sth。 值得干某事。

  形容词/副词+enoughto do sth。 足以做某事。

  encourage sb。 to do sth。 鼓励某人做某事。

  find + it + 形容词 +to do sth。 发现做某事……

  get ready to do sth。 准备做某事。

  go on to do sth。 继续做某事。

  hope to do sth。 希望做某事。

  improve sth。 to do sth。 改善/提高某物来干某事。

  invite sb。 to do sth。 邀请某人干某事。

  It‘s better to do sth。 干某事比较好。

  It‘s time to do sth。 到该做某事的时间了。

  like to do sth。 喜欢做某事……

  like sb。 to do sth。 喜欢某人做某事。

  loveto do sth。 爱做某事。

  learn to do sth。 学会做某事。

  make one‘s mind to do sth。 下决心做某事。

  make a list of five ways to do sth。 列出干某事的五种方式的清单。

  need to do sth。 需要做某事。

  plan to do sth。 计划干某事。

  prefer to do sth。+ rather than do sth。喜欢……不喜欢……

  refuse to do sth。 拒绝干某事。

  remember to do 记得要去做某事。

  The best time to do sth。 is… 干某事的最佳时间是……

  stop to do sth。 停下来去做另一件事。

  start/begin to do sth。 开始做某事。

  seem to do sth。 似乎要做某事。

  set one‘s mind to do sth。 一心要做某事。

  tell sb。 to do sth。 告诉某人做某事。

  too…to do sth。太……以致于不能……

  try to do sth。 努力/试着去做……

  think it nessary for sb。 to do sth。 认为某人有必要干某事。

  There‘s no time to do sth。 没时间做某事。

  teach sb。 (how) to do sth。 教某人干某事。

  used to do sth。 过去常常干某事 wish sb。 to do sth。 希望某人做某事。

  wouldloveto do sth。 很愿意做某事。

  would like (sb。) to do sth。 想让某人做某事。

  want to do sth。 想做某事。

  和doing 连用的固定搭配

  watch sb。 doing sth。 观看某人正在做……

  stop doing sth。 停止做某事。

  remember doing sth。 记得已做过某事。

  try doing sth。 努力/试着去做……

  like doing sth。 喜欢做某事。

  forgetdoing sth。 忘记已做过某事。

  go on doing sth。 继续做某事。

  be busy doing sth。 忙于做某事。

  be worth doing sth。 某事值得一做。

  carry on doing sth。 继续做某事。

  couldn‘t help doing sth。 忍不住做某事。



  When did you leave Shanghai? 你什么时候离开上海的?

  2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地”。例如:

  Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London. 下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。


  Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing? 你为什么要离开上海去北京?

  2) 情态动词should“应该”学会使用


  How should I know? 我怎么知道?

  Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚?


  We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。




  1. play chess 下国际象棋

  2. play the guitar 弹吉他

  3. speak English 说英语

  4. English club 英语俱乐部

  5. talk to 跟…说

  6. play the violin 拉小提琴

  7. play the piano 弹钢琴

  8. play the drums 敲鼓

  9. make friends 结交朋友

  10. do kung fu 练 (中国) 功夫

  11. tell stories 讲故事

  12. play games 做游戏

  13. on the weekend/on weekends 在周末


  1. play +棋类/球类 下…棋/打…球

  2. play the +西洋乐器 弹/拉…乐器

  3. be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事

  4. be good with sb. 和某人相处地好

  5. need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

  6. can + 动词原形 能/会做某事

  7. a little + 不可数名词 一点儿…

  8. join the…club 加入…俱乐部

  9. like to do sth. =love to do sth. 喜欢/喜爱做某事


  1. —Can you draw? 你会画画吗?

  —Yes, I can./No, I can’t. 是的,我会。/不,我不会。

  2. —What club do you want to join? 你想加入哪个俱乐部?

  —I want to join the chess club. 我想加入国际象棋俱乐部。

  3. You can join the English club. 你可以加入英语俱乐部。

  4. Sounds good./That sounds good. 听上去很好。

  5. I can speak English and I can also play soccer. 我会说英语也会踢足球。

  6. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. 请给米勒夫人拨打电话555-3721。



  Dear Sir,

  I want to join your organization (组织) to help kids with

  sports, music and English.

  My name is Mike. I am 15 years old. I'm a student in No. 1 Middle school. I can play the guitar well. I can sing many songs. I can swim and speak English well, too. I think I can be good with the kids. I also do well in telling stories.

  I hope to get your letter soon.





  1. what time 几点

  2. go to school 去上学

  3. get up 起床

  4. take a shower 洗淋浴

  5. brush teeth 刷牙

  6. get to 到达

  7. do homework 做家庭作业

  8. go to work 去上班

  9. go home 回家

  10. eat breakfast 吃早饭

  11. get dressed 穿上衣服

  12. get home 到家

  13. either…or… 要么…要么…

  14. go to bed 上床睡觉

  15. in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午/下午/晚上

  16. take a walk 散步

  17. lots of=a lot of 许多,大量

  18. radio station 广播电台

  19. at night 在晚上

  20. be late for=arrive late for 迟到


  1. at + 具体时间点 在几点(几分)

  2. eat breakfast/lunch/dinner 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

  3. thirty/half past +基数词 …点半

  4. fifteen/a quarter to +基数词 差一刻到…点

  5. take a/an+名词 从事…活动

  6. from…to… 从…到…

  7. need to do sth 需要做某事


  1. —What time do you usually get up? 你通常几点钟起床?

  —I usually get up at six thirty. 我通常6:30起床。

  2. That’s a funny time for breakfast. 那是个有趣的早餐时间。

  3. —When do students usually eat dinner? 学生们通常什么时候吃完饭?

  —They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening. 他们通常在晚上6:45吃晚饭。

  4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games.


  5. At twelve, she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch.


  6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good.她知道它对她没好处,但是尝起来很好。

  7. Here are your clothes. 这是你的衣服。



  My School Day

  I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I eat lunch at twelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed.



  1. get to school 到达学校

  2. take the subway 乘地铁

  3. ride a bike 骑自行车

  4. how far 多远

  5. from home to school 从家到学校

  6. every day 每天

  7. take the bus 乘公共汽车

  8. by bike 骑自行车

  9. bus stop 公共汽车站

  10. think of 认为

  11. between…and… 在…和…之间

  12. one 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩 13.

  play with… 和…玩

  14. come true 实现

  15. have to 不得不


  1. take…to…= go to…by… 乘…去…

  2. How do/does sb get to…? 某人是怎样到…的?

  3. How far is it from…to…? 从…到…有多远?

  4. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间。 5. How long does it take to do sth.? …花费多长时间?

  6. It is + adj. + to do sth. 做某事是…

  7. Thanks for + n./Ving 感谢你(做)某事。


  1. —How do you get to school? 你怎么去上学?

  —I ride my bike. 我骑自行车。

  2. How far is it from your home to school? 从你家到学校有多远?

  3. How long does it take you to get to school? 去上学花费你多久?

  4. For many students, it is easy to get to school. 对很多学生来说,很容易到达学校。

  5. There is a very big river between their school and the village. 在他们学校和村庄之间有一条很大的河流。



  写作思路:②开篇点题:点出自己的出行方式;②具体内容:自己选择这种交通方式的原因;③结束语: 表明自己的观点。

  The Best Way for Me to Go to School

  Different students go to school in different ways in our school, but I llike to go to school on foot.

  First, I live near the school, so my home is not far from my school. And it takes me a few minutes to get there. Second, there is a crossing on my way to school, and sometimes the traffic is very busy. I think it is safer to go to school on foot. Third, I think walking is good for my health. It’s a kind of sport and it makes me study better.

  So in my opinion, the best way to go to school is on foot. What about you?

中考政策 中考状元 中考饮食 中考备考辅导 中考复习资料
展开更多 50%)